Mirror Twins

Fascinating Facts About
Mirror Image Twins

Mirror Twins

Mirror twins (also known as mirror image twins) are one of the most fascinating types of twin pairings of the 100 million+ twins all around the world. It's a interesting concept and refers to twins who, when facing each other, appear as matching reflections.

Identical and Non-Identical Twins

The majority of twins are not the rare mirror image twins. Fraternal twins win the title of most common. Also known as dizygotic or non-identical, fraternal twins are created from the fertilization of two separate eggs by two separate sperms. The resulting twins have half of the same DNA, the same as any other sibling, and may or may not have similar physical features.

Identical twins are monozygotic, meaning they were created when a single egg fertilized by one sperm, then divides into two separate embryos. A subset of identical twins is mirror image twins. They are rare and account for about one fourth of all identical twins totaling about 5 million twins.

Possible Causes

This particular type of twinning may occur because the fertilized egg separates later than usual. The split occurs between 7 to 12 days after fertilization and the two identical halves develop into separate individuals who are genetically identical. A fertilized egg that splits after 12 days would likely result in conjoined twins. Though scientist continue to study the phenomenon of multiple births and why some factors happen in the womb, much about the creation of this type of twinning is still unknown and the probability of having identical twins seems to be random.

Characteristics of Mirror Twins

mirror image twin girls

Identical twins always have the same sex and blood type. Though a few cases of identical twins of the opposite sex being born have been documented, this occurrence is extremely rare and unlikely. The term mirror twins, refers to the fact that they have the same physical features but opposite asymmetric features. If one twin is right handed the other twin is left handed, a twin with a birthmark on his left check will have a mirror twin with a birthmark on his right check. They can even have hair that whorls in opposite directions and opposite teeth. In more extreme cases, twins even have mirrored internal organs, such as one with heart on the right and the co-twin with his heart on the left - even the skeletal features may be reversed.


Mirror Image Twin Babies

After birth, examination of the placenta can sometimes be used to determine if twins are fraternal or identical, since identical twins are likely to share the same placenta. But, the only way to tell for sure if a set of twins are fraternal or identical after birth (unless they're "mono-mono") is usually through genetic testing. A cheek swab can be taken of both twins and a genetic profile will reveal whether or not the twins are a perfect match genetically.

In the case of mirror image twins however, DNA testing cannot distinguish between them. Instead, a look at their different features and characteristics would be telling. If they consistently fall opposite of each respective twin, then you're likely looking at a mirrored pair.

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